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sociological articles

gisocixi.tk provides the latest news on social sciences, history, political science, psychology and sociology. Mission Statement The American Sociological Review is the flagship journal of the American Sociological Association (ASA). The ASA founded this journal in with the mission to publish original works of interest to the sociology discipline in general, new theoretical developments, results of research that advance our understanding of fundamental social processes, and. Current Events in Sociological Context. Understand the factors behind the news with sociological discussions of current events within the U.S. and around the gisocixi.tk: Staff Author.


Current Events in Sociological Context


Drawing on five years of ethnographic fieldwork among older adults in a New York City neighborhood, I present empirical data that complement survey approaches to social isolation and push our understanding of social ties beyond weak and strong by analyzing relationships that defy binary classification.

Usual survey items would sociological articles these participants as isolated and without social support. When questioned, they minimize sociological articles relationships outside sociological articles close friends and family. Furthermore, they demonstrate how a single social tie can vary between strong and weak depending on the social situation.

Many social ties fall outside weak and strong; they are elastic in allowing elders and other marginal groups to connect and secure informal support while maintaining their distance and preserving their autonomy. A special sociological articles to my study participants, who shared their lives with me for several years, sociological articles. We study the structure of heterosexual dating markets in the United States through an analysis of the interactions of several million users of a large online dating website, applying recently developed network analysis methods to the pattern of messages exchanged among users.

Our analysis shows that the strongest driver of romantic interaction at the national level is simple geographic proximity, but at the local level, other demographic factors come into play. We find that dating markets in each city are partitioned into submarkets along lines of age and ethnicity.

Sex ratio varies widely between submarkets, with younger submarkets having more men and fewer women than older ones. There is also a noticeable tendency for minorities, especially women, to be younger than the average in older submarkets, and our analysis reveals how this kind of racial stratification arises through the messaging decisions of both men and women, sociological articles. Our study illustrates how network techniques applied to online interactions can reveal the aggregate effects of individual behavior on social structure.

Acknowledgements: The authors thank Travis Martin for useful conversations. The authors declare no conflicts of interest. The data are protected under institutional review board—approved guidelines for HUM Negative antagonistic connections have been of longstanding theoretical importance for social structure. In a population of 24, adults interacting face to face within isolated villages in western Honduras, we measured all connections that were present, amounting topositive and 16, negative ties.

Here, we show sociological articles negative and positive ties exhibit many of the same structural characteristics. We then develop a complete taxonomy of all possible triads of two-type relationships. Consistent with balance theory, we find that antagonists of friends and friends of antagonists tend to be antagonists; but, in an important empirical refutation of balance theory, we find that antagonists of sociological articles also tend to be antagonists, not friends.

Finally, villages with comparable levels of animosity tend to be geographically proximate, sociological articles. Similar processes, involving social contact, give rise to both positive and negative social ties in rural villages, sociological articles, and negative ties play an important role in social structure. James H. Edoardo M. Nicholas A, sociological articles.

The authors declare no competing interests. Many sociologists suspect that publication expectations have risen over time—that sociological articles much graduate students have published to get assistant professor jobs and how sociological articles assistant professors have published to be promoted have gone up.

On the day they start their first jobs, new assistant professors in recent years have already published roughly twice as much as their counterparts did in the early s.

Trends for promotion to associate professor are not as dramatic but are still remarkable. I evaluate several potential explanations for these trends and conclude that they are driven mainly by changes over time in the fiscal and organizational realities of universities and departments, sociological articles. However, errors and omissions are my responsibility.

Please direct correspondence to me at warre umn, sociological articles. The relative importance of genes and shared environmental influences on stratification outcomes has recently received much attention in the literature. We focus on education and the gene-environmental interplay. Specifically, we investigate whether—as proposed by the Scarr-Rowe hypothesis—genetic influences are more important in advantaged families.

We test this relationship in Germany, which represents an interesting case due to its highly selective schooling system characterized by early tracking and the broad coverage of part-time schools.

We use novel data from the TwinLife panel, a population-register—based sample of twins and their families. Results of ACE-variance decompositions sociological articles the Scarr-Rowe hypothesis: Shared environmental influences on sociological articles matter only in disadvantaged families, whereas genetic influences are more important in advantaged families.

Our findings support the growing literature on the importance of the gene-environmental interplay and emphasize the role of the family environment as a trigger of differential genetic expression.

We also would like to thank especially Martin Diewald, Anette Fasang, and the editors for their valuable feedback on an earlier version of the article. In this study, we propose and test a mechanism for the effect of neighborhood of residence on sociological articles outcomes: absenteeism that results from exposure to danger on the way to school.

We first determine the most sociological articles route to school using public transportation for 4, sociological articles, first-time freshmen in Baltimore City public high schools. Then, we link the specific streets along the most efficient route to incident-level crime data from the Baltimore Police Department. We find that students whose estimated routes require walking along streets with higher violent-crime rates have higher rates of absenteeism throughout the year.

We also show that absenteeism is not associated with exposure to dangerous streets while riding on public transit and exposure to property crime. These conclusions hold with and without adjustments for student demographic characteristics, prior school attendance, violent crime around homes and schools, sociological articles, and unobserved differences related to school preference and neighborhood selection.

Sociological articles L. Acknowledgements: This sociological articles was made possible by a grant from the Spencer Foundation and indirect support from the Baltimore Education Research Consortium and the Hopkins Population Center. Curt Cronister provided invaluable technical support.

We are grateful for the feedback from and assistance of the Baltimore City Public Schools. All errors and opinions are our own. Many effects of interest to sociologists are nonlinear. Additionally, many effects of interest are sociological articles effects—that is, the effect of one independent variable is contingent on the level of another independent variable.

The proper way to estimate, interpret, and present these two types of effects individually are well known. However, many analyses that combine these two—that is, tests of interaction when the effects of interest are nonlinear—are not properly interpreted or tested. The consequences of approaching nonlinear interaction effects the way one would approach a linear interaction effect are severe and can often result in incorrect conclusions.

My goal in sociological articles article is to synthesize an evolving methodological literature and to provide straightforward advice and techniques to estimate,interpret, sociological articles, and present nonlinear interaction effects. Acknowledgements: I thank J, sociological articles. Scott Long, Bianca Manago, Long Doan, and Josh Doyle for their helpful comments on previous drafts and Dave Armstrong and Shawn Bauldry for the many insightful conversations that influenced the content of the article.

Do test score gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged children originate inside or outside schools? One approach to this classic question is to ask sociological articles How large are gaps when children enter school? Confusingly, past research has given discrepant answers to these basic questions. We show that many results about gap growth have been distorted by measurement artifacts. One artifact relates to scaling: Gaps appear to grow faster if measurement scales spread with age.

Another artifact relates to changes in test form: Summer gap growth is hard to estimate if children sociological articles different tests in spring than in fall. Net of artifacts, the most replicable finding is that gaps form mainly in early childhood, before schooling begins.

After school begins, most gaps grow little, and some gaps shrink. Evidence is inconsistent regarding whether gaps grow faster during school or during summer, sociological articles. We substantiate these conclusions using new data from the Growth Research Database and two data sets used in previous studies of gap growth: the Beginning School Study and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Cohort of — This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.

Paul T. Acknowledgements: We thank Mina Kumar for research assistance. We thank the William T. Collective effervescence is assigned a key role in sociological theorizing on ritual and group processes, yet surprisingly little research has systematically measured the phenomenon and examined its sources. In addressing this research gap, the current article explores and compares several correlates of collective effervescence. The data included questionnaires and geospatial records of spatial setting and movement patterns recorded at a large music festival.

Multilevel regression modeling was applied, and the strength of the estimated evidence was assessed with frequentist and Bayesian approaches.

Results suggest that collective effervescence is a highly spatially clustered phenomenon that, in particular, is associated with the social-morphological feature of being in a crowd of people. The article discusses the implications of these results for sociological Durkheim scholarship as well as for festival-event studies. Diversity in education systems, and broader political and economic conditions, are commonly credited with international variation in inequality of educational opportunity IEO.

Comparing East and West Germany before reunification allows us to investigate whether vastly different political, economic, and educational systems led to differences in IEO, sociological articles. Postreunification convergence suggests that differences in political context and education policy are crucial for IEO.

Sole responsibility for any remaining errors lies with the authors. By Parker Webservices on April 9, in Articles. Abstract Drawing on five years of ethnographic fieldwork among older adults in a New York City neighborhood, I present empirical data that complement survey approaches to social isolation and push our understanding of social ties beyond weak and strong by analyzing relationships that defy binary classification.

Abstract PDF sociological articles. Abstract Author Information Process Info Drawing on five years of ethnographic fieldwork among older adults in a New York City neighborhood, I sociological articles empirical data that complement survey approaches to social isolation and push our understanding of social ties beyond weak and strong by analyzing relationships that defy binary classification, sociological articles.

Citation : Torres, Stacy, sociological articles. Sociological articles Parker Webservices on April 2, in Articles. Abstract We study the structure of heterosexual dating markets in the United States through an analysis of the interactions of several million users of a large online dating website, applying recently developed network analysis methods to the pattern of messages exchanged among users.

Abstract Author Information Supplemental Material Process Info We study the structure of heterosexual dating markets in the United States through an analysis of the interactions of several million users of a large online dating website, applying recently developed network analysis methods to the pattern of messages exchanged among users.

Elizabeth E. Supplemental Material. Citation : Bruch, sociological articles, Elizabeth E. By Parker Webservices on March 6, in Articles, sociological articles. Abstract Negative antagonistic connections have been of longstanding theoretical importance for social structure.

Abstract Author Information Supplemental Material Process Info Negative antagonistic connections have been of longstanding theoretical importance for social structure. Citation : Isakov, Alexander, James H. Fowler, Edoardo M.

 

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sociological articles

 

Mar 26,  · The sociological imagination is the ability to see things socially and how they interact and influence each other. To have a sociological imagination, a person must be able to pull away from the situation and think from an alternative point of view. This ability is central to one's development of a sociological perspective on the world. Current Events in Sociological Context. Understand the factors behind the news with sociological discussions of current events within the U.S. and around the gisocixi.tk: Staff Author. Aug 30,  · News about Sociology, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. More News about sociology, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times.